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00001 """Beautiful Soup
Elixir and Tonic
"The Screen-Scraper's Friend"

Beautiful Soup parses a (possibly invalid) XML or HTML document into a
tree representation. It provides methods and Pythonic idioms that make
it easy to navigate, search, and modify the tree.

A well-structured XML/HTML document yields a well-behaved data
structure. An ill-structured XML/HTML document yields a
correspondingly ill-behaved data structure. If your document is only
locally well-structured, you can use this library to find and process
the well-structured part of it.

Beautiful Soup works with Python 2.2 and up. It has no external
dependencies, but you'll have more success at converting data to UTF-8
if you also install these three packages:

* chardet, for auto-detecting character encodings
* cjkcodecs and iconv_codec, which add more encodings to the ones supported
  by stock Python.

Beautiful Soup defines classes for two main parsing strategies:
 * BeautifulStoneSoup, for parsing XML, SGML, or your domain-specific
   language that kind of looks like XML.

 * BeautifulSoup, for parsing run-of-the-mill HTML code, be it valid
   or invalid. This class has web browser-like heuristics for
   obtaining a sensible parse tree in the face of common HTML errors.

Beautiful Soup also defines a class (UnicodeDammit) for autodetecting
the encoding of an HTML or XML document, and converting it to
Unicode. Much of this code is taken from Mark Pilgrim's Universal Feed

For more than you ever wanted to know about Beautiful Soup, see the
from __future__ import generators

__author__ = "Leonard Richardson (crummy.com)"
__contributors__ = ["Sam Ruby (intertwingly.net)",
                    "the unwitting Mark Pilgrim (diveintomark.org)",
__version__ = "3.0.3"
__copyright__ = "Copyright (c) 2004-2006 Leonard Richardson"
__license__ = "PSF"

from sgmllib import SGMLParser, SGMLParseError
import codecs
import types
import re
import sgmllib
from htmlentitydefs import name2codepoint

# This RE makes Beautiful Soup able to parse XML with namespaces.
sgmllib.tagfind = re.compile('[a-zA-Z][-_.:a-zA-Z0-9]*')

# This RE makes Beautiful Soup capable of recognizing numeric character
# references that use hexadecimal.
sgmllib.charref = re.compile('&#(\d+|x[0-9a-fA-F]+);')


# First, the classes that represent markup elements.

00072 class PageElement:
    """Contains the navigational information for some part of the page
    (either a tag or a piece of text)"""

00076     def setup(self, parent=None, previous=None):
        """Sets up the initial relations between this element and
        other elements."""        
        self.parent = parent
        self.previous = previous
        self.next = None
        self.previousSibling = None
        self.nextSibling = None
        if self.parent and self.parent.contents:
            self.previousSibling = self.parent.contents[-1]
            self.previousSibling.nextSibling = self

    def replaceWith(self, replaceWith):        
        oldParent = self.parent
        myIndex = self.parent.contents.index(self)
        if hasattr(replaceWith, 'parent') and replaceWith.parent == self.parent:
            # We're replacing this element with one of its siblings.
            index = self.parent.contents.index(replaceWith)
            if index and index < myIndex:
                # Furthermore, it comes before this element. That
                # means that when we extract it, the index of this
                # element will change.
                myIndex = myIndex - 1
        oldParent.insert(myIndex, replaceWith)
00102     def extract(self):
        """Destructively rips this element out of the tree."""        
        if self.parent:
            except ValueError:

        #Find the two elements that would be next to each other if
        #this element (and any children) hadn't been parsed. Connect
        #the two.        
        lastChild = self._lastRecursiveChild()
        nextElement = lastChild.next

        if self.previous:
            self.previous.next = nextElement
        if nextElement:
            nextElement.previous = self.previous
        self.previous = None
        lastChild.next = None

        self.parent = None        
        if self.previousSibling:
            self.previousSibling.nextSibling = self.nextSibling
        if self.nextSibling:
            self.nextSibling.previousSibling = self.previousSibling
        self.previousSibling = self.nextSibling = None       

    def _lastRecursiveChild(self):
        "Finds the last element beneath this object to be parsed."
        lastChild = self
        while hasattr(lastChild, 'contents') and lastChild.contents:
            lastChild = lastChild.contents[-1]
        return lastChild

    def insert(self, position, newChild):
        if (isinstance(newChild, basestring)
            or isinstance(newChild, unicode)) \
            and not isinstance(newChild, NavigableString):
            newChild = NavigableString(newChild)        

        position =  min(position, len(self.contents))
        if hasattr(newChild, 'parent') and newChild.parent != None:
            # We're 'inserting' an element that's already one
            # of this object's children. 
            if newChild.parent == self:
                index = self.find(newChild)
                if index and index < position:
                    # Furthermore we're moving it further down the
                    # list of this object's children. That means that
                    # when we extract this element, our target index
                    # will jump down one.
                    position = position - 1
        newChild.parent = self
        previousChild = None
        if position == 0:
            newChild.previousSibling = None
            newChild.previous = self
            previousChild = self.contents[position-1]
            newChild.previousSibling = previousChild
            newChild.previousSibling.nextSibling = newChild
            newChild.previous = previousChild._lastRecursiveChild()
        if newChild.previous:
            newChild.previous.next = newChild        

        newChildsLastElement = newChild._lastRecursiveChild()

        if position >= len(self.contents):
            newChild.nextSibling = None
            parent = self
            parentsNextSibling = None
            while not parentsNextSibling:
                parentsNextSibling = parent.nextSibling
                parent = parent.parent
                if not parent: # This is the last element in the document.
            if parentsNextSibling:
                newChildsLastElement.next = parentsNextSibling
                newChildsLastElement.next = None
            nextChild = self.contents[position]            
            newChild.nextSibling = nextChild            
            if newChild.nextSibling:
                newChild.nextSibling.previousSibling = newChild
            newChildsLastElement.next = nextChild

        if newChildsLastElement.next:
            newChildsLastElement.next.previous = newChildsLastElement
        self.contents.insert(position, newChild)

00197     def findNext(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the first item that matches the given criteria and
        appears after this Tag in the document."""
        return self._findOne(self.findAllNext, name, attrs, text, **kwargs)

00202     def findAllNext(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, limit=None,
        """Returns all items that match the given criteria and appear
        before after Tag in the document."""
        return self._findAll(name, attrs, text, limit, self.nextGenerator)

00208     def findNextSibling(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the closest sibling to this Tag that matches the
        given criteria and appears after this Tag in the document."""
        return self._findOne(self.findNextSiblings, name, attrs, text,

00214     def findNextSiblings(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, limit=None,
        """Returns the siblings of this Tag that match the given
        criteria and appear after this Tag in the document."""
        return self._findAll(name, attrs, text, limit,
                             self.nextSiblingGenerator, **kwargs)
    fetchNextSiblings = findNextSiblings # Compatibility with pre-3.x

00222     def findPrevious(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the first item that matches the given criteria and
        appears before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._findOne(self.findAllPrevious, name, attrs, text, **kwargs)

00227     def findAllPrevious(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, limit=None,
        """Returns all items that match the given criteria and appear
        before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._findAll(name, attrs, text, limit, self.previousGenerator,
    fetchPrevious = findAllPrevious # Compatibility with pre-3.x

00235     def findPreviousSibling(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the closest sibling to this Tag that matches the
        given criteria and appears before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._findOne(self.findPreviousSiblings, name, attrs, text,

00241     def findPreviousSiblings(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None,
                             limit=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the siblings of this Tag that match the given
        criteria and appear before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._findAll(name, attrs, text, limit,
                             self.previousSiblingGenerator, **kwargs)
    fetchPreviousSiblings = findPreviousSiblings # Compatibility with pre-3.x

00249     def findParent(self, name=None, attrs={}, **kwargs):
        """Returns the closest parent of this Tag that matches the given
        # NOTE: We can't use _findOne because findParents takes a different
        # set of arguments.
        r = None
        l = self.findParents(name, attrs, 1)
        if l:
            r = l[0]
        return r

00260     def findParents(self, name=None, attrs={}, limit=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the parents of this Tag that match the given

        return self._findAll(name, attrs, None, limit, self.parentGenerator,
    fetchParents = findParents # Compatibility with pre-3.x

    #These methods do the real heavy lifting.

    def _findOne(self, method, name, attrs, text, **kwargs):
        r = None
        l = method(name, attrs, text, 1, **kwargs)
        if l:
            r = l[0]
        return r
    def _findAll(self, name, attrs, text, limit, generator, **kwargs):
        "Iterates over a generator looking for things that match."

        if isinstance(name, SoupStrainer):
            strainer = name
            # Build a SoupStrainer
            strainer = SoupStrainer(name, attrs, text, **kwargs)
        results = ResultSet(strainer)
        g = generator()
        while True:
                i = g.next()
            except StopIteration:
            if i:
                found = strainer.search(i)
                if found:
                    if limit and len(results) >= limit:
        return results

    #These Generators can be used to navigate starting from both
    #NavigableStrings and Tags.                
    def nextGenerator(self):
        i = self
        while i:
            i = i.next
            yield i

    def nextSiblingGenerator(self):
        i = self
        while i:
            i = i.nextSibling
            yield i

    def previousGenerator(self):
        i = self
        while i:
            i = i.previous
            yield i

    def previousSiblingGenerator(self):
        i = self
        while i:
            i = i.previousSibling
            yield i

    def parentGenerator(self):
        i = self
        while i:
            i = i.parent
            yield i

    # Utility methods
    def substituteEncoding(self, str, encoding=None):
        encoding = encoding or "utf-8"
        return str.replace("%SOUP-ENCODING%", encoding)    

00337     def toEncoding(self, s, encoding=None):
        """Encodes an object to a string in some encoding, or to Unicode.
        if isinstance(s, unicode):
            if encoding:
                s = s.encode(encoding)
        elif isinstance(s, str):
            if encoding:
                s = s.encode(encoding)
                s = unicode(s)
            if encoding:
                s  = self.toEncoding(str(s), encoding)
                s = unicode(s)
        return s

class NavigableString(unicode, PageElement):

    def __getattr__(self, attr):
        """text.string gives you text. This is for backwards
        compatibility for Navigable*String, but for CData* it lets you
        get the string without the CData wrapper."""
        if attr == 'string':
            return self
            raise AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'" % (self.__class__.__name__, attr)

    def __unicode__(self):
        return __str__(self, None)

    def __str__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        if encoding:
            return self.encode(encoding)
            return self
class CData(NavigableString):

    def __str__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        return "<![CDATA[%s]]>" % NavigableString.__str__(self, encoding)

class ProcessingInstruction(NavigableString):
    def __str__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        output = self
        if "%SOUP-ENCODING%" in output:
            output = self.substituteEncoding(output, encoding)
        return "<?%s?>" % self.toEncoding(output, encoding)

class Comment(NavigableString):
    def __str__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        return "<!--%s-->" % NavigableString.__str__(self, encoding)    

class Declaration(NavigableString):
    def __str__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        return "<!%s>" % NavigableString.__str__(self, encoding)        

00395 class Tag(PageElement):
    """Represents a found HTML tag with its attributes and contents."""

    XML_ENTITIES_TO_CHARS = { 'apos' : "'",
                              "quot" : '"',
                              "amp" : "&",
                              "lt" : "<",
                              "gt" : ">"
    # An RE for finding ampersands that aren't the start of of a
    # numeric entity.
    BARE_AMPERSAND = re.compile("&(?!#\d+;|#x[0-9a-fA-F]+;|\w+;)")

    def __init__(self, parser, name, attrs=None, parent=None,
        "Basic constructor."

        # We don't actually store the parser object: that lets extracted
        # chunks be garbage-collected
        self.parserClass = parser.__class__
        self.isSelfClosing = parser.isSelfClosingTag(name)
        self.convertHTMLEntities = parser.convertHTMLEntities
        self.name = name
        if attrs == None:
            attrs = []
        self.attrs = attrs
        self.contents = []
        self.setup(parent, previous)
        self.hidden = False
        self.containsSubstitutions = False

    def get(self, key, default=None):
        """Returns the value of the 'key' attribute for the tag, or
        the value given for 'default' if it doesn't have that
        return self._getAttrMap().get(key, default)    

    def has_key(self, key):
        return self._getAttrMap().has_key(key)

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        """tag[key] returns the value of the 'key' attribute for the tag,
        and throws an exception if it's not there."""
        return self._getAttrMap()[key]

    def __iter__(self):
        "Iterating over a tag iterates over its contents."
        return iter(self.contents)

    def __len__(self):
        "The length of a tag is the length of its list of contents."
        return len(self.contents)

    def __contains__(self, x):
        return x in self.contents

    def __nonzero__(self):
        "A tag is non-None even if it has no contents."
        return True

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):        
        """Setting tag[key] sets the value of the 'key' attribute for the
        self.attrMap[key] = value
        found = False
        for i in range(0, len(self.attrs)):
            if self.attrs[i][0] == key:
                self.attrs[i] = (key, value)
                found = True
        if not found:
            self.attrs.append((key, value))
        self._getAttrMap()[key] = value

    def __delitem__(self, key):
        "Deleting tag[key] deletes all 'key' attributes for the tag."
        for item in self.attrs:
            if item[0] == key:
                #We don't break because bad HTML can define the same
                #attribute multiple times.
            if self.attrMap.has_key(key):
                del self.attrMap[key]

    def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        """Calling a tag like a function is the same as calling its
        findAll() method. Eg. tag('a') returns a list of all the A tags
        found within this tag."""
        return apply(self.findAll, args, kwargs)

    def __getattr__(self, tag):
        #print "Getattr %s.%s" % (self.__class__, tag)
        if len(tag) > 3 and tag.rfind('Tag') == len(tag)-3:
            return self.find(tag[:-3])
        elif tag.find('__') != 0:
            return self.find(tag)

    def __eq__(self, other):
        """Returns true iff this tag has the same name, the same attributes,
        and the same contents (recursively) as the given tag.

        NOTE: right now this will return false if two tags have the
        same attributes in a different order. Should this be fixed?"""
        if not hasattr(other, 'name') or not hasattr(other, 'attrs') or not hasattr(other, 'contents') or self.name != other.name or self.attrs != other.attrs or len(self) != len(other):
            return False
        for i in range(0, len(self.contents)):
            if self.contents[i] != other.contents[i]:
                return False
        return True

    def __ne__(self, other):
        """Returns true iff this tag is not identical to the other tag,
        as defined in __eq__."""
        return not self == other

    def __repr__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        """Renders this tag as a string."""
        return self.__str__(encoding)

    def __unicode__(self):
        return self.__str__(None)

    def _convertEntities(self, match):
        x = match.group(1)
        if x in name2codepoint:
            return unichr(name2codepoint[x])            
        elif "&" + x + ";" in self.XML_ENTITIES_TO_CHARS:
            return '&%s;' % x
            return '&amp;%s;' % x

    def __str__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING,
                prettyPrint=False, indentLevel=0):
        """Returns a string or Unicode representation of this tag and
        its contents. To get Unicode, pass None for encoding.

        NOTE: since Python's HTML parser consumes whitespace, this
        method is not certain to reproduce the whitespace present in
        the original string."""

        encodedName = self.toEncoding(self.name, encoding)

        attrs = []
        if self.attrs:
            for key, val in self.attrs:
                fmt = '%s="%s"'
                if isString(val):                    
                    if self.containsSubstitutions and '%SOUP-ENCODING%' in val:
                        val = self.substituteEncoding(val, encoding)

                    # The attribute value either:
                    # * Contains no embedded double quotes or single quotes.
                    #   No problem: we enclose it in double quotes.
                    # * Contains embedded single quotes. No problem:
                    #   double quotes work here too.
                    # * Contains embedded double quotes. No problem:
                    #   we enclose it in single quotes.
                    # * Embeds both single _and_ double quotes. This
                    #   can't happen naturally, but it can happen if
                    #   you modify an attribute value after parsing
                    #   the document. Now we have a bit of a
                    #   problem. We solve it by enclosing the
                    #   attribute in single quotes, and escaping any
                    #   embedded single quotes to XML entities.
                    if '"' in val:
                        # This can't happen naturally, but it can happen
                        # if you modify an attribute value after parsing.
                        if "'" in val:
                            val = val.replace('"', "&quot;")
                            fmt = "%s='%s'"

                    # Optionally convert any HTML entities
                    if self.convertHTMLEntities:
                        val = re.sub("&(\w+);", self._convertEntities, val)

                    # Now we're okay w/r/t quotes. But the attribute
                    # value might also contain angle brackets, or
                    # ampersands that aren't part of entities. We need
                    # to escape those to XML entities too.
                    val = val.replace("<", "&lt;").replace(">", "&gt;")
                    val = self.BARE_AMPERSAND.sub("&amp;", val)

                attrs.append(fmt % (self.toEncoding(key, encoding),
                                    self.toEncoding(val, encoding)))
        close = ''
        closeTag = ''
        if self.isSelfClosing:
            close = ' /'
            closeTag = '</%s>' % encodedName

        indentTag, indentContents = 0, 0
        if prettyPrint:
            indentTag = indentLevel
            space = (' ' * (indentTag-1))
            indentContents = indentTag + 1
        contents = self.renderContents(encoding, prettyPrint, indentContents)
        if self.hidden:
            s = contents
            s = []
            attributeString = ''
            if attrs:
                attributeString = ' ' + ' '.join(attrs)            
            if prettyPrint:
            s.append('<%s%s%s>' % (encodedName, attributeString, close))
            if prettyPrint:
            if prettyPrint and contents and contents[-1] != "\n":
            if prettyPrint and closeTag:
            if prettyPrint and closeTag and self.nextSibling:
            s = ''.join(s)
        return s

    def prettify(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        return self.__str__(encoding, True)

    def renderContents(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING,
                       prettyPrint=False, indentLevel=0):
        """Renders the contents of this tag as a string in the given
        encoding. If encoding is None, returns a Unicode string.."""
        for c in self:
            text = None
            if isinstance(c, NavigableString):
                text = c.__str__(encoding)
            elif isinstance(c, Tag):
                s.append(c.__str__(encoding, prettyPrint, indentLevel))
            if text and prettyPrint:
                text = text.strip()              
            if text:
                if prettyPrint:
                    s.append(" " * (indentLevel-1))
                if prettyPrint:
        return ''.join(s)    

    #Soup methods

    def find(self, name=None, attrs={}, recursive=True, text=None,
        """Return only the first child of this Tag matching the given
        r = None
        l = self.findAll(name, attrs, recursive, text, 1, **kwargs)
        if l:
            r = l[0]
        return r
    findChild = find

    def findAll(self, name=None, attrs={}, recursive=True, text=None,
                limit=None, **kwargs):
        """Extracts a list of Tag objects that match the given
        criteria.  You can specify the name of the Tag and any
        attributes you want the Tag to have.

        The value of a key-value pair in the 'attrs' map can be a
        string, a list of strings, a regular expression object, or a
        callable that takes a string and returns whether or not the
        string matches for some custom definition of 'matches'. The
        same is true of the tag name."""
        generator = self.recursiveChildGenerator
        if not recursive:
            generator = self.childGenerator
        return self._findAll(name, attrs, text, limit, generator, **kwargs)
    findChildren = findAll

    # Pre-3.x compatibility methods
    first = find
    fetch = findAll
    def fetchText(self, text=None, recursive=True, limit=None):
        return self.findAll(text=text, recursive=recursive, limit=limit)

    def firstText(self, text=None, recursive=True):
        return self.find(text=text, recursive=recursive)
    #Utility methods

    def append(self, tag):
        """Appends the given tag to the contents of this tag."""

    #Private methods

    def _getAttrMap(self):
        """Initializes a map representation of this tag's attributes,
        if not already initialized."""
        if not getattr(self, 'attrMap'):
            self.attrMap = {}
            for (key, value) in self.attrs:
                self.attrMap[key] = value 
        return self.attrMap

    #Generator methods
    def childGenerator(self):
        for i in range(0, len(self.contents)):
            yield self.contents[i]
        raise StopIteration
    def recursiveChildGenerator(self):
        stack = [(self, 0)]
        while stack:
            tag, start = stack.pop()
            if isinstance(tag, Tag):            
                for i in range(start, len(tag.contents)):
                    a = tag.contents[i]
                    yield a
                    if isinstance(a, Tag) and tag.contents:
                        if i < len(tag.contents) - 1:
                            stack.append((tag, i+1))
                        stack.append((a, 0))
        raise StopIteration

# Next, a couple classes to represent queries and their results.
00722 class SoupStrainer:
    """Encapsulates a number of ways of matching a markup element (tag or

    def __init__(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        self.name = name
        if isString(attrs):
            kwargs['class'] = attrs
            attrs = None
        if kwargs:
            if attrs:
                attrs = attrs.copy()
                attrs = kwargs
        self.attrs = attrs
        self.text = text

    def __str__(self):
        if self.text:
            return self.text
            return "%s|%s" % (self.name, self.attrs)
    def searchTag(self, markupName=None, markupAttrs={}):
        found = None
        markup = None
        if isinstance(markupName, Tag):
            markup = markupName
            markupAttrs = markup
        callFunctionWithTagData = callable(self.name) \
                                and not isinstance(markupName, Tag)

        if (not self.name) \
               or callFunctionWithTagData \
               or (markup and self._matches(markup, self.name)) \
               or (not markup and self._matches(markupName, self.name)):
            if callFunctionWithTagData:
                match = self.name(markupName, markupAttrs)
                match = True            
                markupAttrMap = None
                for attr, matchAgainst in self.attrs.items():
                    if not markupAttrMap:
                         if hasattr(markupAttrs, 'get'):
                            markupAttrMap = markupAttrs
                            markupAttrMap = {}
                            for k,v in markupAttrs:
                                markupAttrMap[k] = v
                    attrValue = markupAttrMap.get(attr)
                    if not self._matches(attrValue, matchAgainst):
                        match = False
            if match:
                if markup:
                    found = markup
                    found = markupName
        return found

    def search(self, markup):
        #print 'looking for %s in %s' % (self, markup)
        found = None
        # If given a list of items, scan it for a text element that
        # matches.        
        if isList(markup) and not isinstance(markup, Tag):
            for element in markup:
                if isinstance(element, NavigableString) \
                       and self.search(element):
                    found = element
        # If it's a Tag, make sure its name or attributes match.
        # Don't bother with Tags if we're searching for text.
        elif isinstance(markup, Tag):
            if not self.text:
                found = self.searchTag(markup)
        # If it's text, make sure the text matches.
        elif isinstance(markup, NavigableString) or \
            if self._matches(markup, self.text):
                found = markup
            raise Exception, "I don't know how to match against a %s" \
                  % markup.__class__
        return found
    def _matches(self, markup, matchAgainst):    
        #print "Matching %s against %s" % (markup, matchAgainst)
        result = False
        if matchAgainst == True and type(matchAgainst) == types.BooleanType:
            result = markup != None
        elif callable(matchAgainst):
            result = matchAgainst(markup)
            #Custom match methods take the tag as an argument, but all
            #other ways of matching match the tag name as a string.
            if isinstance(markup, Tag):
                markup = markup.name
            if markup and not isString(markup):
                markup = unicode(markup)
            #Now we know that chunk is either a string, or None.
            if hasattr(matchAgainst, 'match'):
                # It's a regexp object.
                result = markup and matchAgainst.search(markup)
            elif isList(matchAgainst):
                result = markup in matchAgainst
            elif hasattr(matchAgainst, 'items'):
                result = markup.has_key(matchAgainst)
            elif matchAgainst and isString(markup):
                if isinstance(markup, unicode):
                    matchAgainst = unicode(matchAgainst)
                    matchAgainst = str(matchAgainst)

            if not result:
                result = matchAgainst == markup
        return result

00841 class ResultSet(list):
    """A ResultSet is just a list that keeps track of the SoupStrainer
    that created it."""
    def __init__(self, source):
        self.source = source

# Now, some helper functions.

00850 def isList(l):
    """Convenience method that works with all 2.x versions of Python
    to determine whether or not something is listlike."""
    return hasattr(l, '__iter__') \
           or (type(l) in (types.ListType, types.TupleType))

00856 def isString(s):
    """Convenience method that works with all 2.x versions of Python
    to determine whether or not something is stringlike."""
        return isinstance(s, unicode) or isintance(s, basestring) 
    except NameError:
        return isinstance(s, str)

00864 def buildTagMap(default, *args):
    """Turns a list of maps, lists, or scalars into a single map.
    Used to build the SELF_CLOSING_TAGS, NESTABLE_TAGS, and
    NESTING_RESET_TAGS maps out of lists and partial maps."""
    built = {}
    for portion in args:
        if hasattr(portion, 'items'):
            #It's a map. Merge it.
            for k,v in portion.items():
                built[k] = v
        elif isList(portion):
            #It's a list. Map each item to the default.
            for k in portion:
                built[k] = default
            #It's a scalar. Map it to the default.
            built[portion] = default
    return built

# Now, the parser classes.

00885 class BeautifulStoneSoup(Tag, SGMLParser):

    """This class contains the basic parser and search code. It defines
    a parser that knows nothing about tag behavior except for the
      You can't close a tag without closing all the tags it encloses.
      That is, "<foo><bar></foo>" actually means

    [Another possible explanation is "<foo><bar /></foo>", but since
    this class defines no SELF_CLOSING_TAGS, it will never use that

    This class is useful for parsing XML or made-up markup languages,
    or when BeautifulSoup makes an assumption counter to what you were

    QUOTE_TAGS = {}

    MARKUP_MASSAGE = [(re.compile('(<[^<>]*)/>'),
                       lambda x: x.group(1) + ' />'),
                       lambda x: '<!' + x.group(1) + '>')

    ROOT_TAG_NAME = u'[document]'

    HTML_ENTITIES = "html"
    XML_ENTITIES = "xml"

00920     def __init__(self, markup="", parseOnlyThese=None, fromEncoding=None,
                 markupMassage=True, smartQuotesTo=XML_ENTITIES,
                 convertEntities=None, selfClosingTags=None):
        """The Soup object is initialized as the 'root tag', and the
        provided markup (which can be a string or a file-like object)
        is fed into the underlying parser. 

        sgmllib will process most bad HTML, and the BeautifulSoup
        class has some tricks for dealing with some HTML that kills
        sgmllib, but Beautiful Soup can nonetheless choke or lose data
        if your data uses self-closing tags or declarations

        By default, Beautiful Soup uses regexes to sanitize input,
        avoiding the vast majority of these problems. If the problems
        don't apply to you, pass in False for markupMassage, and
        you'll get better performance.

        The default parser massage techniques fix the two most common
        instances of invalid HTML that choke sgmllib:

         <br/> (No space between name of closing tag and tag close)
         <! --Comment--> (Extraneous whitespace in declaration)

        You can pass in a custom list of (RE object, replace method)
        tuples to get Beautiful Soup to scrub your input the way you

        self.parseOnlyThese = parseOnlyThese
        self.fromEncoding = fromEncoding
        self.smartQuotesTo = smartQuotesTo

        if convertEntities:
            # It doesn't make sense to convert encoded characters to
            # entities even while you're converting entities to Unicode.
            # Just convert it all to Unicode.
            self.smartQuotesTo = None

        if isList(convertEntities):
            self.convertHTMLEntities = self.HTML_ENTITIES in convertEntities
            self.convertXMLEntities = self.XML_ENTITIES in convertEntities
            self.convertHTMLEntities = self.HTML_ENTITIES == convertEntities
            self.convertXMLEntities = self.XML_ENTITIES == convertEntities

        self.instanceSelfClosingTags = buildTagMap(None, selfClosingTags)
        if hasattr(markup, 'read'):        # It's a file-type object.
            markup = markup.read()
        self.markup = markup
        self.markupMassage = markupMassage
        except StopParsing:
        self.markup = None                 # The markup can now be GCed

    def _feed(self, inDocumentEncoding=None):
        # Convert the document to Unicode.
        markup = self.markup
        if isinstance(markup, unicode):
            if not hasattr(self, 'originalEncoding'):
                self.originalEncoding = None
            dammit = UnicodeDammit\
                     (markup, [self.fromEncoding, inDocumentEncoding],
            markup = dammit.unicode
            self.originalEncoding = dammit.originalEncoding
        if markup:
            if self.markupMassage:
                if not isList(self.markupMassage):
                    self.markupMassage = self.MARKUP_MASSAGE            
                for fix, m in self.markupMassage:
                    markup = fix.sub(m, markup)

        SGMLParser.feed(self, markup or "")
        # Close out any unfinished strings and close all the open tags.
        while self.currentTag.name != self.ROOT_TAG_NAME:

01005     def __getattr__(self, methodName):
        """This method routes method call requests to either the SGMLParser
        superclass or the Tag superclass, depending on the method name."""
        #print "__getattr__ called on %s.%s" % (self.__class__, methodName)

        if methodName.find('start_') == 0 or methodName.find('end_') == 0 \
               or methodName.find('do_') == 0:
            return SGMLParser.__getattr__(self, methodName)
        elif methodName.find('__') != 0:
            return Tag.__getattr__(self, methodName)
            raise AttributeError

01018     def isSelfClosingTag(self, name):
        """Returns true iff the given string is the name of a
        self-closing tag according to this parser."""
        return self.SELF_CLOSING_TAGS.has_key(name) \
               or self.instanceSelfClosingTags.has_key(name)
    def reset(self):
        Tag.__init__(self, self, self.ROOT_TAG_NAME)
        self.hidden = 1
        self.currentData = []
        self.currentTag = None
        self.tagStack = []
        self.quoteStack = []
    def popTag(self):
        tag = self.tagStack.pop()
        # Tags with just one string-owning child get the child as a
        # 'string' property, so that soup.tag.string is shorthand for
        # soup.tag.contents[0]
        if len(self.currentTag.contents) == 1 and \
           isinstance(self.currentTag.contents[0], NavigableString):
            self.currentTag.string = self.currentTag.contents[0]

        #print "Pop", tag.name
        if self.tagStack:
            self.currentTag = self.tagStack[-1]
        return self.currentTag

    def pushTag(self, tag):
        #print "Push", tag.name
        if self.currentTag:
        self.currentTag = self.tagStack[-1]

    def endData(self, containerClass=NavigableString):
        if self.currentData:
            currentData = ''.join(self.currentData)
            if currentData.endswith('<') and self.convertHTMLEntities:
                currentData = currentData[:-1] + '&lt;'
            if not currentData.strip():
                if '\n' in currentData:
                    currentData = '\n'
                    currentData = ' '
            self.currentData = []
            if self.parseOnlyThese and len(self.tagStack) <= 1 and \
                   (not self.parseOnlyThese.text or \
                    not self.parseOnlyThese.search(currentData)):
            o = containerClass(currentData)
            o.setup(self.currentTag, self.previous)
            if self.previous:
                self.previous.next = o
            self.previous = o

01078     def _popToTag(self, name, inclusivePop=True):
        """Pops the tag stack up to and including the most recent
        instance of the given tag. If inclusivePop is false, pops the tag
        stack up to but *not* including the most recent instqance of
        the given tag."""
        #print "Popping to %s" % name
        if name == self.ROOT_TAG_NAME:

        numPops = 0
        mostRecentTag = None
        for i in range(len(self.tagStack)-1, 0, -1):
            if name == self.tagStack[i].name:
                numPops = len(self.tagStack)-i
        if not inclusivePop:
            numPops = numPops - 1

        for i in range(0, numPops):
            mostRecentTag = self.popTag()
        return mostRecentTag    

01100     def _smartPop(self, name):

        """We need to pop up to the previous tag of this type, unless
        one of this tag's nesting reset triggers comes between this
        tag and the previous tag of this type, OR unless this tag is a
        generic nesting trigger and another generic nesting trigger
        comes between this tag and the previous tag of this type.

         <p>Foo<b>Bar<p> should pop to 'p', not 'b'.
         <p>Foo<table>Bar<p> should pop to 'table', not 'p'.
         <p>Foo<table><tr>Bar<p> should pop to 'tr', not 'p'.
         <p>Foo<b>Bar<p> should pop to 'p', not 'b'.

         <li><ul><li> *<li>* should pop to 'ul', not the first 'li'.
         <tr><table><tr> *<tr>* should pop to 'table', not the first 'tr'
         <td><tr><td> *<td>* should pop to 'tr', not the first 'td'

        nestingResetTriggers = self.NESTABLE_TAGS.get(name)
        isNestable = nestingResetTriggers != None
        isResetNesting = self.RESET_NESTING_TAGS.has_key(name)
        popTo = None
        inclusive = True
        for i in range(len(self.tagStack)-1, 0, -1):
            p = self.tagStack[i]
            if (not p or p.name == name) and not isNestable:
                #Non-nestable tags get popped to the top or to their
                #last occurance.
                popTo = name
            if (nestingResetTriggers != None
                and p.name in nestingResetTriggers) \
                or (nestingResetTriggers == None and isResetNesting
                    and self.RESET_NESTING_TAGS.has_key(p.name)):
                #If we encounter one of the nesting reset triggers
                #peculiar to this tag, or we encounter another tag
                #that causes nesting to reset, pop up to but not
                #including that tag.
                popTo = p.name
                inclusive = False
            p = p.parent
        if popTo:
            self._popToTag(popTo, inclusive)

    def unknown_starttag(self, name, attrs, selfClosing=0):
        #print "Start tag %s: %s" % (name, attrs)
        if self.quoteStack:
            #This is not a real tag.
            #print "<%s> is not real!" % name
            attrs = ''.join(map(lambda(x, y): ' %s="%s"' % (x, y), attrs))
            self.currentData.append('<%s%s>' % (name, attrs))

        if not self.isSelfClosingTag(name) and not selfClosing:

        if self.parseOnlyThese and len(self.tagStack) <= 1 \
               and (self.parseOnlyThese.text or not self.parseOnlyThese.searchTag(name, attrs)):

        tag = Tag(self, name, attrs, self.currentTag, self.previous)
        if self.previous:
            self.previous.next = tag
        self.previous = tag
        if selfClosing or self.isSelfClosingTag(name):
        if name in self.QUOTE_TAGS:
            #print "Beginning quote (%s)" % name
            self.literal = 1
        return tag

    def unknown_endtag(self, name):
        #print "End tag %s" % name
        if self.quoteStack and self.quoteStack[-1] != name:
            #This is not a real end tag.
            #print "</%s> is not real!" % name
            self.currentData.append('</%s>' % name)
        if self.quoteStack and self.quoteStack[-1] == name:
            self.literal = (len(self.quoteStack) > 0)

    def handle_data(self, data):
        if self.convertHTMLEntities:
            if data[0] == '&':
                data = self.BARE_AMPERSAND.sub("&amp;",data)
                data = data.replace('&','&amp;') \
                           .replace('<','&lt;') \

01200     def _toStringSubclass(self, text, subclass):
        """Adds a certain piece of text to the tree as a NavigableString

01207     def handle_pi(self, text):
        """Handle a processing instruction as a ProcessingInstruction
        object, possibly one with a %SOUP-ENCODING% slot into which an
        encoding will be plugged later."""
        if text[:3] == "xml":
            text = "xml version='1.0' encoding='%SOUP-ENCODING%'"
        self._toStringSubclass(text, ProcessingInstruction)

    def handle_comment(self, text):
        "Handle comments as Comment objects."
        self._toStringSubclass(text, Comment)

    def handle_charref(self, ref):
        "Handle character references as data."
        if ref[0] == 'x':
            data = unichr(int(ref[1:],16))
            data = unichr(int(ref))
        if u'\x80' <= data <= u'\x9F':
            data = UnicodeDammit.subMSChar(chr(ord(data)), self.smartQuotesTo)
        elif not self.convertHTMLEntities and not self.convertXMLEntities:
            data = '&#%s;' % ref


01233     def handle_entityref(self, ref):
        """Handle entity references as data, possibly converting known
        HTML entity references to the corresponding Unicode
        replaceWithXMLEntity = self.convertXMLEntities and \
        if self.convertHTMLEntities or replaceWithXMLEntity:
                data = unichr(name2codepoint[ref])
            except KeyError:
                if replaceWithXMLEntity:
                    data = self.XML_ENTITIES_TO_CHARS.get(ref)
                    data="&amp;%s" % ref
            data = '&%s;' % ref
    def handle_decl(self, data):
        "Handle DOCTYPEs and the like as Declaration objects."
        self._toStringSubclass(data, Declaration)

01255     def parse_declaration(self, i):
        """Treat a bogus SGML declaration as raw data. Treat a CDATA
        declaration as a CData object."""
        j = None
        if self.rawdata[i:i+9] == '<![CDATA[':
             k = self.rawdata.find(']]>', i)
             if k == -1:
                 k = len(self.rawdata)
             data = self.rawdata[i+9:k]
             j = k+3
             self._toStringSubclass(data, CData)
                j = SGMLParser.parse_declaration(self, i)
            except SGMLParseError:
                toHandle = self.rawdata[i:]
                j = i + len(toHandle)
        return j

01275 class BeautifulSoup(BeautifulStoneSoup):

    """This parser knows the following facts about HTML:

    * Some tags have no closing tag and should be interpreted as being
      closed as soon as they are encountered.

    * The text inside some tags (ie. 'script') may contain tags which
      are not really part of the document and which should be parsed
      as text, not tags. If you want to parse the text as tags, you can
      always fetch it and parse it explicitly.

    * Tag nesting rules:

      Most tags can't be nested at all. For instance, the occurance of
      a <p> tag should implicitly close the previous <p> tag.

        should be transformed into:

      Some tags can be nested arbitrarily. For instance, the occurance
      of a <blockquote> tag should _not_ implicitly close the previous
      <blockquote> tag.

       Alice said: <blockquote>Bob said: <blockquote>Blah
        should NOT be transformed into:
       Alice said: <blockquote>Bob said: </blockquote><blockquote>Blah

      Some tags can be nested, but the nesting is reset by the
      interposition of other tags. For instance, a <tr> tag should
      implicitly close the previous <tr> tag within the same <table>,
      but not close a <tr> tag in another table.

        should be transformed into:
        should NOT be transformed into

    Differing assumptions about tag nesting rules are a major source
    of problems with the BeautifulSoup class. If BeautifulSoup is not
    treating as nestable a tag your page author treats as nestable,
    try ICantBelieveItsBeautifulSoup, MinimalSoup, or
    BeautifulStoneSoup before writing your own subclass."""

    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if not kwargs.has_key('smartQuotesTo'):
            kwargs['smartQuotesTo'] = self.HTML_ENTITIES
        BeautifulStoneSoup.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)

    SELF_CLOSING_TAGS = buildTagMap(None,
                                    ['br' , 'hr', 'input', 'img', 'meta',
                                    'spacer', 'link', 'frame', 'base'])

    QUOTE_TAGS = {'script': None}
    #According to the HTML standard, each of these inline tags can
    #contain another tag of the same type. Furthermore, it's common
    #to actually use these tags this way.
    NESTABLE_INLINE_TAGS = ['span', 'font', 'q', 'object', 'bdo', 'sub', 'sup',

    #According to the HTML standard, these block tags can contain
    #another tag of the same type. Furthermore, it's common
    #to actually use these tags this way.
    NESTABLE_BLOCK_TAGS = ['blockquote', 'div', 'fieldset', 'ins', 'del']

    #Lists can contain other lists, but there are restrictions.    
    NESTABLE_LIST_TAGS = { 'ol' : [],
                           'ul' : [],
                           'li' : ['ul', 'ol'],
                           'dl' : [],
                           'dd' : ['dl'],
                           'dt' : ['dl'] }

    #Tables can contain other tables, but there are restrictions.    
    NESTABLE_TABLE_TAGS = {'table' : [], 
                           'tr' : ['table', 'tbody', 'tfoot', 'thead'],
                           'td' : ['tr'],
                           'th' : ['tr'],
                           'thead' : ['table'],
                           'tbody' : ['table'],
                           'tfoot' : ['table'],

    NON_NESTABLE_BLOCK_TAGS = ['address', 'form', 'p', 'pre']

    #If one of these tags is encountered, all tags up to the next tag of
    #this type are popped.
    RESET_NESTING_TAGS = buildTagMap(None, NESTABLE_BLOCK_TAGS, 'noscript',

                                NESTABLE_LIST_TAGS, NESTABLE_TABLE_TAGS)

    # Used to detect the charset in a META tag; see start_meta
    CHARSET_RE = re.compile("((^|;)\s*charset=)([^;]*)")

01378     def start_meta(self, attrs):
        """Beautiful Soup can detect a charset included in a META tag,
        try to convert the document to that charset, and re-parse the
        document from the beginning."""
        httpEquiv = None
        contentType = None
        contentTypeIndex = None
        tagNeedsEncodingSubstitution = False

        for i in range(0, len(attrs)):
            key, value = attrs[i]
            key = key.lower()
            if key == 'http-equiv':
                httpEquiv = value
            elif key == 'content':
                contentType = value
                contentTypeIndex = i

        if httpEquiv and contentType: # It's an interesting meta tag.
            match = self.CHARSET_RE.search(contentType)
            if match:
                if getattr(self, 'declaredHTMLEncoding') or \
                       (self.originalEncoding == self.fromEncoding):
                    # This is our second pass through the document, or
                    # else an encoding was specified explicitly and it
                    # worked. Rewrite the meta tag.
                    newAttr = self.CHARSET_RE.sub\
                              (lambda(match):match.group(1) +
                               "%SOUP-ENCODING%", value)
                    attrs[contentTypeIndex] = (attrs[contentTypeIndex][0],
                    tagNeedsEncodingSubstitution = True
                    # This is our first pass through the document.
                    # Go through it again with the new information.
                    newCharset = match.group(3)
                    if newCharset and newCharset != self.originalEncoding:
                        self.declaredHTMLEncoding = newCharset
                        raise StopParsing
        tag = self.unknown_starttag("meta", attrs)
        if tag and tagNeedsEncodingSubstitution:
            tag.containsSubstitutions = True

class StopParsing(Exception):
01425 class ICantBelieveItsBeautifulSoup(BeautifulSoup):

    """The BeautifulSoup class is oriented towards skipping over
    common HTML errors like unclosed tags. However, sometimes it makes
    errors of its own. For instance, consider this fragment:


    This is perfectly valid (if bizarre) HTML. However, the
    BeautifulSoup class will implicitly close the first b tag when it
    encounters the second 'b'. It will think the author wrote
    "<b>Foo<b>Bar", and didn't close the first 'b' tag, because
    there's no real-world reason to bold something that's already
    bold. When it encounters '</b></b>' it will close two more 'b'
    tags, for a grand total of three tags closed instead of two. This
    can throw off the rest of your document structure. The same is
    true of a number of other tags, listed below.

    It's much more common for someone to forget to close a 'b' tag
    than to actually use nested 'b' tags, and the BeautifulSoup class
    handles the common case. This class handles the not-co-common
    case: where you can't believe someone wrote what they did, but
    it's valid HTML and BeautifulSoup screwed up by assuming it
    wouldn't be."""

     ['em', 'big', 'i', 'small', 'tt', 'abbr', 'acronym', 'strong',
      'cite', 'code', 'dfn', 'kbd', 'samp', 'strong', 'var', 'b',


    NESTABLE_TAGS = buildTagMap([], BeautifulSoup.NESTABLE_TAGS,

01461 class MinimalSoup(BeautifulSoup):
    """The MinimalSoup class is for parsing HTML that contains
    pathologically bad markup. It makes no assumptions about tag
    nesting, but it does know which tags are self-closing, that
    <script> tags contain Javascript and should not be parsed, that
    META tags may contain encoding information, and so on.

    This also makes it better for subclassing than BeautifulStoneSoup
    or BeautifulSoup."""
    RESET_NESTING_TAGS = buildTagMap('noscript')

01474 class BeautifulSOAP(BeautifulStoneSoup):
    """This class will push a tag with only a single string child into
    the tag's parent as an attribute. The attribute's name is the tag
    name, and the value is the string child. An example should give
    the flavor of the change:

    <foo bar="baz"><bar>baz</bar></foo>

    You can then access fooTag['bar'] instead of fooTag.barTag.string.

    This is, of course, useful for scraping structures that tend to
    use subelements instead of attributes, such as SOAP messages. Note
    that it modifies its input, so don't print the modified version

    I'm not sure how many people really want to use this class; let me
    know if you do. Mainly I like the name."""

    def popTag(self):
        if len(self.tagStack) > 1:
            tag = self.tagStack[-1]
            parent = self.tagStack[-2]
            if (isinstance(tag, Tag) and len(tag.contents) == 1 and
                isinstance(tag.contents[0], NavigableString) and 
                not parent.attrMap.has_key(tag.name)):
                parent[tag.name] = tag.contents[0]

#Enterprise class names! It has come to our attention that some people
#think the names of the Beautiful Soup parser classes are too silly
#and "unprofessional" for use in enterprise screen-scraping. We feel
#your pain! For such-minded folk, the Beautiful Soup Consortium And
#All-Night Kosher Bakery recommends renaming this file to
#"RobustParser.py" (or, in cases of extreme enterprisitude,
#"RobustParserBeanInterface.class") and using the following
#enterprise-friendly class aliases:
class RobustXMLParser(BeautifulStoneSoup):
class RobustHTMLParser(BeautifulSoup):
class RobustWackAssHTMLParser(ICantBelieveItsBeautifulSoup):
class RobustInsanelyWackAssHTMLParser(MinimalSoup):
class SimplifyingSOAPParser(BeautifulSOAP):

# Bonus library: Unicode, Dammit
# This class forces XML data into a standard format (usually to UTF-8
# or Unicode).  It is heavily based on code from Mark Pilgrim's
# Universal Feed Parser. It does not rewrite the XML or HTML to
# reflect a new encoding: that happens in BeautifulStoneSoup.handle_pi
# (XML) and BeautifulSoup.start_meta (HTML).

# Autodetects character encodings.
# Download from http://chardet.feedparser.org/
    import chardet
#    import chardet.constants
#    chardet.constants._debug = 1
    chardet = None
chardet = None

# cjkcodecs and iconv_codec make Python know about more character encodings.
# Both are available from http://cjkpython.i18n.org/
# They're built in if you use Python 2.4.
    import cjkcodecs.aliases
    import iconv_codec

01556 class UnicodeDammit:
    """A class for detecting the encoding of a *ML document and
    converting it to a Unicode string. If the source encoding is
    windows-1252, can replace MS smart quotes with their HTML or XML

    # This dictionary maps commonly seen values for "charset" in HTML
    # meta tags to the corresponding Python codec names. It only covers
    # values that aren't in Python's aliases and can't be determined
    # by the heuristics in find_codec.
    CHARSET_ALIASES = { "macintosh" : "mac-roman",
                        "x-sjis" : "shift-jis" }
    def __init__(self, markup, overrideEncodings=[],
        self.markup, documentEncoding, sniffedEncoding = \
        self.smartQuotesTo = smartQuotesTo
        self.triedEncodings = []
        if isinstance(markup, unicode):
            return markup

        u = None
        for proposedEncoding in overrideEncodings:
            u = self._convertFrom(proposedEncoding)
            if u: break
        if not u:
            for proposedEncoding in (documentEncoding, sniffedEncoding):
                u = self._convertFrom(proposedEncoding)
                if u: break
        # If no luck and we have auto-detection library, try that:
        if not u and chardet and not isinstance(self.markup, unicode):
            u = self._convertFrom(chardet.detect(self.markup)['encoding'])

        # As a last resort, try utf-8 and windows-1252:
        if not u:
            for proposed_encoding in ("utf-8", "windows-1252"):
                u = self._convertFrom(proposed_encoding)
                if u: break
        self.unicode = u
        if not u: self.originalEncoding = None

01599     def subMSChar(orig, smartQuotesTo):
        """Changes a MS smart quote character to an XML or HTML
        sub = UnicodeDammit.MS_CHARS.get(orig)
        if type(sub) == types.TupleType:
            if smartQuotesTo == 'xml':
                sub = '&#x%s;' % sub[1]
            elif smartQuotesTo == 'html':
                sub = '&%s;' % sub[0]
                sub = unichr(int(sub[1],16))
        return sub            
    subMSChar = staticmethod(subMSChar)

    def _convertFrom(self, proposed):        
        proposed = self.find_codec(proposed)
        if not proposed or proposed in self.triedEncodings:
            return None
        markup = self.markup

        # Convert smart quotes to HTML if coming from an encoding
        # that might have them.
        if self.smartQuotesTo and proposed in("windows-1252",
            markup = re.compile("([\x80-\x9f])").sub \
                     (lambda(x): self.subMSChar(x.group(1),self.smartQuotesTo),

            # print "Trying to convert document to %s" % proposed
            u = self._toUnicode(markup, proposed)
            self.markup = u       
            self.originalEncoding = proposed
        except Exception, e:
            # print "That didn't work!"
            # print e
            return None        
        #print "Correct encoding: %s" % proposed
        return self.markup

01641     def _toUnicode(self, data, encoding):
        '''Given a string and its encoding, decodes the string into Unicode.
        %encoding is a string recognized by encodings.aliases'''

        # strip Byte Order Mark (if present)
        if (len(data) >= 4) and (data[:2] == '\xfe\xff') \
               and (data[2:4] != '\x00\x00'):
            encoding = 'utf-16be'
            data = data[2:]
        elif (len(data) >= 4) and (data[:2] == '\xff\xfe') \
                 and (data[2:4] != '\x00\x00'):
            encoding = 'utf-16le'
            data = data[2:]
        elif data[:3] == '\xef\xbb\xbf':
            encoding = 'utf-8'
            data = data[3:]
        elif data[:4] == '\x00\x00\xfe\xff':
            encoding = 'utf-32be'
            data = data[4:]
        elif data[:4] == '\xff\xfe\x00\x00':
            encoding = 'utf-32le'
            data = data[4:]
        newdata = unicode(data, encoding)
        return newdata
01666     def _detectEncoding(self, xml_data):
        """Given a document, tries to detect its XML encoding."""
        xml_encoding = sniffed_xml_encoding = None
            if xml_data[:4] == '\x4c\x6f\xa7\x94':
                # EBCDIC
                xml_data = self._ebcdic_to_ascii(xml_data)
            elif xml_data[:4] == '\x00\x3c\x00\x3f':
                # UTF-16BE
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-16be'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data, 'utf-16be').encode('utf-8')
            elif (len(xml_data) >= 4) and (xml_data[:2] == '\xfe\xff') \
                     and (xml_data[2:4] != '\x00\x00'):
                # UTF-16BE with BOM
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-16be'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data[2:], 'utf-16be').encode('utf-8')
            elif xml_data[:4] == '\x3c\x00\x3f\x00':
                # UTF-16LE
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-16le'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data, 'utf-16le').encode('utf-8')
            elif (len(xml_data) >= 4) and (xml_data[:2] == '\xff\xfe') and \
                     (xml_data[2:4] != '\x00\x00'):
                # UTF-16LE with BOM
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-16le'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data[2:], 'utf-16le').encode('utf-8')
            elif xml_data[:4] == '\x00\x00\x00\x3c':
                # UTF-32BE
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-32be'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data, 'utf-32be').encode('utf-8')
            elif xml_data[:4] == '\x3c\x00\x00\x00':
                # UTF-32LE
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-32le'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data, 'utf-32le').encode('utf-8')
            elif xml_data[:4] == '\x00\x00\xfe\xff':
                # UTF-32BE with BOM
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-32be'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data[4:], 'utf-32be').encode('utf-8')
            elif xml_data[:4] == '\xff\xfe\x00\x00':
                # UTF-32LE with BOM
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-32le'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data[4:], 'utf-32le').encode('utf-8')
            elif xml_data[:3] == '\xef\xbb\xbf':
                # UTF-8 with BOM
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'utf-8'
                xml_data = unicode(xml_data[3:], 'utf-8').encode('utf-8')
                sniffed_xml_encoding = 'ascii'
            xml_encoding_match = re.compile \
            xml_encoding_match = None
        if xml_encoding_match:
            xml_encoding = xml_encoding_match.groups()[0].lower()
            if sniffed_xml_encoding and \
               (xml_encoding in ('iso-10646-ucs-2', 'ucs-2', 'csunicode',
                                 'iso-10646-ucs-4', 'ucs-4', 'csucs4',
                                 'utf-16', 'utf-32', 'utf_16', 'utf_32',
                                 'utf16', 'u16')):
                xml_encoding = sniffed_xml_encoding
        return xml_data, xml_encoding, sniffed_xml_encoding

    def find_codec(self, charset):
        return self._codec(self.CHARSET_ALIASES.get(charset, charset)) \
               or (charset and self._codec(charset.replace("-", ""))) \
               or (charset and self._codec(charset.replace("-", "_"))) \
               or charset

    def _codec(self, charset):
        if not charset: return charset 
        codec = None
            codec = charset
        except LookupError:
        return codec

    def _ebcdic_to_ascii(self, s):
        c = self.__class__
        if not c.EBCDIC_TO_ASCII_MAP:
            emap = (0,1,2,3,156,9,134,127,151,141,142,11,12,13,14,15,
            import string
            c.EBCDIC_TO_ASCII_MAP = string.maketrans( \
            ''.join(map(chr, range(256))), ''.join(map(chr, emap)))
        return s.translate(c.EBCDIC_TO_ASCII_MAP)

    MS_CHARS = { '\x80' : ('euro', '20AC'),
                 '\x81' : ' ',
                 '\x82' : ('sbquo', '201A'),
                 '\x83' : ('fnof', '192'),
                 '\x84' : ('bdquo', '201E'),
                 '\x85' : ('hellip', '2026'),
                 '\x86' : ('dagger', '2020'),
                 '\x87' : ('Dagger', '2021'),
                 '\x88' : ('circ', '2C6'),
                 '\x89' : ('permil', '2030'),
                 '\x8A' : ('Scaron', '160'),
                 '\x8B' : ('lsaquo', '2039'),
                 '\x8C' : ('OElig', '152'),
                 '\x8D' : '?',
                 '\x8E' : ('#x17D', '17D'),
                 '\x8F' : '?',
                 '\x90' : '?',
                 '\x91' : ('lsquo', '2018'),
                 '\x92' : ('rsquo', '2019'),
                 '\x93' : ('ldquo', '201C'),
                 '\x94' : ('rdquo', '201D'),
                 '\x95' : ('bull', '2022'),
                 '\x96' : ('ndash', '2013'),
                 '\x97' : ('mdash', '2014'),
                 '\x98' : ('tilde', '2DC'),
                 '\x99' : ('trade', '2122'),
                 '\x9a' : ('scaron', '161'),
                 '\x9b' : ('rsaquo', '203A'),
                 '\x9c' : ('oelig', '153'),
                 '\x9d' : '?',
                 '\x9e' : ('#x17E', '17E'),
                 '\x9f' : ('Yuml', '178'),}


#By default, act as an HTML pretty-printer.
if __name__ == '__main__':
    import sys
    soup = BeautifulSoup(sys.stdin.read())
    print soup.prettify()

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